Vavilov and His Institute - a History of World Collection of Plant Genetic Resources in Russia by Igor G. Luskotov

Cover of: Vavilov and His Institute - a History of World Collection of Plant Genetic Resources in Russia | Igor G. Luskotov

Published by International Plant Genetics Research Institute .

Written in English

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Subjects:

  • Genetics (non-medical),
  • Plant reproduction & propagation,
  • Russia,
  • Vavilov, N. I

Book details

The Physical Object
FormatPaperback
Number of Pages188
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL12949741M
ISBN 109290434120
ISBN 109789290434122

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Perhaps the best documented collections are those done by the Vavilov Institute (Supreme Council of People's Economy) in Russia starting in by S.M. Bukasov and S.V. Juzepzuk. Vavilov and his institute: A history of the world collection of plant genetic resources in Russia Paperback – January 1, by Igor G Loskutov (Author)Cited by: Loskutov, Igor G.

Vavilov and his institute. A history of the world col1ection of plant genetic resources in Russia. International Plant Genetic Resources Institute, Rome, Italy. ISBN IPGRI Via delle SetteChiese Rome Italy © InternationalPlantGeneticResources Institute. Vavilov and his institute: a history of the world collection of plant genetic resources in Russia This book is the result the first Vavilov-Frankel fellowship that was awarded in Book: Vavilov and his Institute: a history of the world collection of plant genetic resources in Russia.

+ pp. ref pp. of Abstract: This book gives a comprehensive overview of the historical events of the past years, regarding the activities of the N.I. Vavilov Institute of Plant Industry (VIR) in plant genetic resources plant genetic resources Subject Category: MiscellaneousCited by: Founded inthe Vavilov Research Institute Vavilov and His Institute - a History of World Collection of Plant Genetic Resources in Russia book Plant Industry — often simply called the Vavilov Institute — remains the world’s largest (and oldest) collection of plant genetics, mainly in the.

Nikolai Ivanovich Vavilov proposed theories of plant genetic diversity and participated in the political debate about genetics in Russia in the early twentieth century.

Vavilov collected plant species around the world, building one of the first and most comprehensive seed banks, and he spent much of his life researching plant breeding and genetics. Every plant breeder or geneticist knows of Nikolai Vavilov and his ceaseless energy in collecting important food crop varieties from all over the globe, and his application of genetics to plant.

The genetic collection of sunflower created at the N.I. Vavilov All-Russian Institute of Plant Genetic Resources (VIR) has about lines, including sterile lines based on PET1 CMS, sterility. Contacts TECHNICAL_POINT_OF_CONTACT Vladimir Korneev email: [email protected] ADMINISTRATIVE_POINT_OF_CONTACT Loskutov Igor position: Head of Rye, Barley, Oats Genetic Resources Department email: [email protected] N.

Vavilov Institute of Plant Genetic Resources (VIR)ya Street St. Petersburg RU email: [email protected]   Vavilov’s large-scale expeditions for plant collection visited more than 50 countries, with collected seed helping to build one of the most extensive collections of plant genetic resources ever.

The Vavilov-Frankel Fellowships programme was established by the Bioversity Board of Trustees in to commemorate the unique contributions to plant science by academician Nikolai Ivanovich Vavilov of Russia and Sir Otto Frankel of Australia. The first two fellowships examined the historical background of the plant genetic resources movement and produced two books: the present one and the one by Igor.

Loskutov IG () Vavilov and his institute: a history of the world collection of plant genetic resources in Russia. International Plant Genetic Resources Institute, Rome, Italy Lunyova N, Ulyanova T () Central Asian in situ conservation of wild relatives of cultivated plants. I.G. Loskutov: "Vavilov and his Institute" VIR Scientists Preserve PGR Collections During World War II Siege of Leningrad S.M.

Alexanyan and V.I. Krivchenko; I.G. Loskutov. History of the global collection of plant genetic resources in Russia.(in Russian) Open Letter from the Scientific Council of VIR(in Russian) N.I.

Vavilov. A drama of life and death. The collection of seeds and living plants at the N.I. Vavilov All Russian Institute of Plant Genetic Resources (VIR) is one of the oldest in the world. The size of the collection increased from accessions in to overaccessions innow representing 64 botanical families, genera, and species.

The genetic resource collections compiled between the two World Wars by Vavilov and his colleagues included crop traits such as early maturity, cold hardiness, and disease resistance.

Vavilov and his Institute: a history of the world collection of plant genetic resources in Russia, by Igor G. Loskutov, Rome: International Plant Genetic Resources Institute (IPGRI), Where our food comes from: retracing Nickolay Vavilov’s quest to end famine, by Gary Paul Nabhan, Washington; London: Island Press, Under Vavilov’s direction and with his participation, a world collection of more thanspecimens of cultivated plants was created and stored in the All-Union Institute of Horticulture.

Many strains of different crops cultivated in the USSR are the result of the breeding work done with appropriate specimens from this collection. To conserve plant genetic resources, researchers must collect and store plant germplasm—the genetic material required to propagate a plant—usually in the form of a seed.

In the nineteenth century, farmers, scientists, explorers, botanists, and agriculturalists collected exotic plants and tested the seeds in new environments. Loskutov IG () Vavilov and his Institute. A history of the world collection of plant resources in Russia, IPGRI, Rome, Italy, p Google Scholar Loskutov IG () History of the world collection of plant genetic resources in Russia.

Vavilov's ideas formed a solid scientific basis for the long-term efforts on securing PGR in ex situ genebanks, both internationally and in Russia. The collection of seeds and living plants at the N.I.

Vavilov All Russian Institute of Plant Genetic Resources (VIR) is one of the oldest in the world. CiteSeerX - Document Details (Isaac Councill, Lee Giles, Pradeep Teregowda): International Agricultural Research (CGIAR) A history of the wond collection of plant genetic resources in Russia by Igor G.

Loskutov (Vavilov-Frankel Fellow) nsttute A history of tile world collection of plant genetic resoul'ces in Russia by Lo!sk:ut!o'V (Vavllov-Prankel Fellow) ii Vavilovand his Institute.

Our study included two collections; one at the N. Vavilov Institute of Plant Genetic Resources in St. Petersburg (VIR) and one at the Nordic Genetic Resource Center (NGB).

A random set of 13 accession pairs or triplets of cabbage, turnip and swede were selected on the basis of. Vavilov dedicated most of his life to the collection of plant germplasm resources (Figure 1). He organized more than one hundred expeditions to economically important plant regions around the world in an effort to resolve famine in Russia (N.I.

Vavilov Research Institute of Plant Industry, ; John Innes Centre, ). Vavilov and his Institute, A history of the world collection of plant genetic resources in Russia, Rome, Italy. International Plant Genetic Resources Institute. Google Scholar. OpenURL Placeholder Text Van Heerwaarden. He was a popular hero, far and away the most highly publicized plant breeder of his time (B urbank –; H oward –; D reyer ).

He died ina rich man. Nikolai Vavilov was Russia's greatest geneticist. His energy was prodigious; he slept only 4 or 5 hours per night. Even as Russia was undergoing revolutions, anarchy and famines, he went about storing seeds at the Institute of Plant Industry.

Vavilov dreamed of a utopian future in which new agricultural. Inherent genetic plant variability is the basis of domestication and breeding into crops of economic importance with food, fuel, fiber, and industrial uses.

The objective of this article is to present a summary of Vavilov’s plant explorations. His collection trips led to the development of his. The Vavilov Institute of Plant Genetic Resources (VIR), in St.

Petersburg, Russia, houses a unique genebank, with historical collections of landraces. When they were collected, the geographical distribution and genetic diversity of most crops closely reflected their historical patterns of cultivation established over the preceding millennia.

The work of Nickolay Ivanovich Vavilov has formed the basis of much of the study of plant genetic resources that is carried out. In recognition of his contribution to plant science, and to commemorate the centenary of his birth, a collection of all of Vavgilov's works on the origin and geography of cultivated plant species was published in Russian in Nikolaj Vavilov: Five Continents (oversat af Doris Love), ISBN ; Værker om Vavilov.

Igor G. Luskotov: Vavilov and His Institute – A History of World Collection of Plant Genetic Resources in Russia, ISBN ; Se.

Plant genetic resources (PGR) have been utilized over the millennia to improve the human condition. Development of crops that provided stable supplies of food, feed, fiber and fuel offered alternatives to nomadic existence, and enabled societies to develop and flourish around the world. The Vavilov Institute of Plant Industry was established in in St.

Petersburg, Russia, and is the oldest seed bank in the world. Nikolai Vavilov, for whom the institute is named, was a Russian biologist and plant breeder. Vavilov was one of the first scientists to understand the importance of crop diversity and played a major role in.

Vavilov was arrested by Stalin’s secret police and thrown into the gulag, where he died of starvation in During the Nazi siege of Leningrad during World War II, scientists at Vavilov’s institute protected its collections, with some succumbing to starvation rather than consuming the collection’s rice and other crops.

A major contribution of Vavilov was his ability to translate his rapidly growing scientific knowledge in genetic resources into economic use. Vavilov’s plant collecting expeditions served as the basis for the leguminous crop collection in VIR, which provided the initial materials for over 75% of new grain legume cultivars created in Russia.

Vavilov and his Institute. A history of the world collection of plant genetic resources in Russia, Loskutov, Igor G. International Plant Genetic Resources Institute, Rome, Italy.

ISBN ; The Murder of Nikolai Vavilov: The Story of Stalin's Persecution of One of the Greatest Scientists of the Twentieth Century, by Peter Pringle. The work of Nickolay Ivanovich Vavilov has formed the basis of much of the study of plant genetic resources that is carried out.

In recognition of his contribution to plant science, and to commemorate the centenary of his birth, a collection of all of Vavgilov's works on the origin and geography of cultivated plant species was published in Russian in Reviews: 2.

An employee sorts grass seeds at the Vavilov Institute of Plant Industry. The world's first seed bank survived World War II thanks to 12 scientists. Vavilov believed that the mobilization of global plant resources provided a means to eradicate hunger.

He traveled to ∼50 countries across five continents, built a unique collection of seeds to be used in breeding, and organized a broad network of breeding stations throughout the country and a state cultivar testing system (Reznik ).

The Vavilov Institute of General Genetics (VIGG) is the oldest institute of Genetics in the Russian Academy of Sciences Currently, the Institute has 15 laboratories, and 7 research groups.

There is also Saint-Petersburg Branch of VIGG including two research laboratories under the direction of Academician S.G. Inge-Vechtomov. The main objectives of the scientific activity of Prof. Boguslav Kurlovich are the collection and study of Plant genetic resources (lupins, vetch, soya, bean) as initial material for plant breeding.

Boguslav Kurlovich has participated in 15 plant collecting missions, explored different regions of former USSR (Siberia, Far East, Kazakhstan, Caucasus, Middle Asia, Ukraine) and many others 5/5(4).This would check the reports on achievements at State Scientific Centre N.

I. Vavilov All-Russian Research Institute of Plant Industry of Russian Academy of Agricultural Science (VIR) (Golubev, ), where F 1 plants were obtained from crosses between pea and V. formosa, but without developed F 2 seeds or plant material being saved.

This, with. The International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture, which was adopted by the U.N. in and has been ratified by most of the countries of the world.

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